There are various related word types at Gigadictionary.
The following issues are explained below in more detail:
- Basic information.
- Types of related words.
- Standard related word types used for all languages.
- Related word types typical of English.
- Images and contexts.
- Related words editing.
For every word it is possible to create links to other words.
Such links bear various kinds of relationships and are called "related words".
e.g. relationship of the translation type will lead you to a word with the same meaning but coming from a different language
For different parts of speech, the set of related word types that can be added is different.
Related word types available for the majority of words are: translation, antonym, synonym and see also.
Some related word types are defined by means of word pairs (antonyms, see also).
Other related word types are defined by means of word groups (translations, synonyms).
Additionally, some types of related words require specifying what function each word performs in the group (e.g. for adjectives there are three degrees of comparison: the positive, the comparative and the superlative).
Every relationship is displayed on pages of all the included words. (The only exception here being the relationship of the idiom type).
- For every group of synonyms or translations an image or context can be assigned.
They are used to provide information about the meaning of connected words.
Classification based on number of words within a group:
- word pairs - always consist of two words exactly
- word groups - sets which contain at least two words
whenever a new word is added to the group it is at the same time adjoined as a related word to every single word that has been included in the group
(this allows adding translations to a number of languages at one go)
Classification based on the kind of elements within the group:
groups with elements of equal importance - all related words within a group are of equal importance, e.g. translations and synonyms.
groups with elements with a function assigned - every element within a group is assigned some function
e.g. comparison of adjectives, where three functions can be assigned – the positive, the comparative and the superlative
idioms - special type of relationship displayed on the page for only one of the words forming the group
e.g. "loose your marbles" will be displayed as an idiom of the word "loose" but won't be displayed on other pages
on the other hand "gain" is shown as an antonym of the word "loose" and "loose" is listed as an antonym of "gain".
translations - groups of words from different languages whose meanings overlap;
they can be assigned with images and contexts, both of which make it easier for other users to add words to the groups
synonyms - groups of words whose meanings are the same or nearly the same, importantly all items within a group come from one language; they can be assigned with contexts
antonyms - words with opposite meanings
idioms - a list of idiomatic expressions that contain a given word
see also - pairs of words
Please note that comparison of adjectives is not available for all languages.
There are languages, e.g. Esperanto, in which the comparative and the superlative are formed by means of function words solely
and where there are no separate word forms for adjectives or adverbs.
For English, the related word type of comparison is added to the set of related word types listed in section 3.
Please bear in mind that it is available for adjectives only and that not all adjectives have separate comparative and superlative forms.
Some comparatives and superlatives are created by means of function words.
Images are assigned to groups to illustrate the meanings of connected words.
They are extremely helpful because it makes it easier to add new translations to the group.
Unfortunately, it is not possible to assign every single word with an image. Worse still, this does not prevent such words having more than one meaning.
In order to make a distinction between the meanings of such words, contexts are assigned to groups of words.
A context is a brief definition for all the words within a group.
For example, the contexts for the noun "match" are:
- a small stick that produces a flame used to light candles or cigarettes
- a game in which players or teams compete against each other
- a thing that forms an attractive combination with something else
- something that looks the same as something else
Related words editor shows us a list of all groups and pairs that the word belongs to (we always edit related words for some certain word.)
The list will also include all suggested reltions (pairs and groups) which are not displayed on the page when it opens as a result of traditional search.
The editor shows each type of relationship in a separate section.
Adding a new related word:
- Find the section for the desired related word type and click on the "add a word" link.
- Find the word you wish to add using the popup search box.
- Word pairs (antonyms, idioms and see also) will be created instantly.
- Whenever you add an item which requires specifying the function of the word – a page will open that will help you do this.
Whenever you want to add a relationship which is a "word group" we check if the are any groups which contain either of the words.
If there are no groups yet - we instantly create a new one.
If there are some groups - you'll be asked if you want to add a new group or maybe add a term to one of the groups that have already been created.
- All new relations will be marked as "proposed" and will be displayed as soon as one of our moderators has accepted them.